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  • Writer's pictureHopeless Hiker

Do you know the stages of Dementia?

One of the best ways to deal with something is early detection. Dementia is very complex and described along a scale. This scale was initially created as it is more comprehensive than stages. The terms are used to show how far someone's dementia has progressed. Defining someone's dementia is essential as it tells physicians what the best course of action is. This information would then be passed along to caregivers so they can understand how to best communicate with the patient. Commonly there is three stages which are early, moderate and advanced.

Dementia Australia outlines typical signs a person would display is they were on the scale.

Early dementia

  • Appear more apathetic, with less sparkle

  • Lose interest in hobbies and activities

  • Be unwilling to try new things

  • Be unable to adapt to change

  • Show poor judgement and make poor decisions

  • Be slower to grasp complex ideas and take longer with routine jobs

  • Blame others for “stealing” lost items

  • Become more self-centred and less concerned with others and their feelings

  • Become more forgetful of details of recent events

  • Be more likely to repeat themselves or lose the thread of their conversation

  • Be more irritable or upset if they fail at something

  • Have difficulty handling money.

Moderate dementia

  • Be more forgetful of recent events. Memory for the distant past generally seems better, but some details may be forgotten or confused

  • Be confused regarding time and place

  • Become lost if away from familiar surroundings

  • Forget names of family or friends, or confuse one family member with another

  • Forget saucepans and kettles on the stove. May leave gas unlit

  • Wander around streets, perhaps at night, sometimes becoming lost

  • Misbehave, for example going outdoors in nightwear

  • See or hear things that are not there

  • Become very repetitive

  • Be neglectful of hygiene or eating

  • Become angry, upset or distressed through frustration.

Advanced dementia

  • Be unable to remember occurrences for even a few minutes, for instance forgetting that they have just had a meal

  • Lose their ability to understand or use speech

  • Be incontinent

  • Show no recognition of friends and family

  • Need help with eating, washing, bathing, toileting and dressing

  • Fail to recognise everyday objects

  • Be disturbed at night

  • Be restless, perhaps looking for a long-dead relative

  • Be aggressive, especially when feeling threatened or closed in

  • Have difficulty walking, eventually maybe becoming a wheelchair user

  • Have uncontrolled movements

  • Have permanent immobility, and in the final weeks or months, the person will be bedridden.

Here is the link to the Dementia Australia website

Dementia Australia | Progression of dementia.

Hopefully, this has given you the necessary tools on how to notice if someone is developing dementia. You can read more about the phases, how to test and how long each stage lasts from this website.

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